Haiti Earthquake Facts and Figures


Haiti Before the Earthquake

  • Haiti was 145th of 169 countries in the UN Human Development Index, which is the lowest in the Western Hemisphere
  • More than 70% of people in Haiti were living on less than $US2 per day
  • 86% of people in Port au Prince were living in slum conditions - mostly tightly-packed, poorly-built, concrete buildings.
  • 80% of education in Haiti was provided in often poor-quality private schools, the state system generally provided better education but provided far too few places
  • Half of people in Port-au-Prince had no access to latrines and only one-third has access to tap water

IMpact of the 12 January earthquake

  • 7.0 Magnitude Quake struck near Port au Prince
  • 3,500,000 people were affected by the quake
  • 220,000 people estimated to have died
  • 300,000+ people were injured
  • Over 188,383 houses were badly damaged and 105,000 were destroyed by the earthquake (293,383 in total), 1.5m people became homeless
  • After the quake there were 19 million cubic metres of rubble and debris in Port au Prince – enough to fill a line of shipping containers stretching end to end from London to Beirut.
  • 4,000 schools were damaged or destroyed
  • 25% of civil servants in Port au Prince died
  • 60% of Government and administrative buildings, 80% of schools in Port-au-Prince and 60% of schools in the South and West Departments were destroyed or damaged
  • Over 600,000 people left their home area in Port-au-Prince and mostly stayed with host families
  • At its peak, one and a half million people were living in camps including over 100,000 at critical risk from storms and flooding
  • Unrelated to the earthquake but causing aid response challenges was the outbreak of cholera in October 2010. By July 2011 5,899 had died as a result of the outbreak, and 216,000 were infected


  • The DEC Appeal has now raised £107m – two-thirds directly and one-third through its member agencies – which will be spent over three years
  • DEC agencies and their partners have nearly £380m to spend in total from all sources
  • 1.8million people reached by DEC funded aid

Response and recovery July 2010 - July 2012

(This is in addition to the aid delivered between January 2010 - July 2010)

  • Improving the water supply of 340,000 people
  • Supplying drugs to five cholera treatment facilities serving 18,000 people 
  • Providing free medical care to 39,000 people
  • Giving tools and seeds to help 23,000 people in farming households support themselves
  • Providing improved shelter for 34,000 people
  • Giving information to 116,000 people about preparing for future disasters
  • Running literary classes for 60,000 vulnerable women to help them support themselves and their families
  • Training camp committee members to defend 25,000 camp residents from forced eviction.

Read the three years update on DEC member agencies work in Haiti.