The United Nations declared a famine in Unity State on 20 February, an area in the northern central part of the country. War and a collapsing economy have left some 100,000 people facing starvation and a further 1 million people are on the brink of famine. The situation is the worst hunger catastrophe since fighting erupted more than three years ago.

Malnutrition is a major public health emergency, exacerbated by the widespread fighting, displacement, poor access to health services and a lack of sanitation. 

It is estimated that half of the population – 4.8 million people - do not have enough food to eat simply due to being unable to bring in the harvest. Unless urgent action is taken it is estimated that the total number of people going hungry will rise to 5.5 million by July.

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